Kathy Boroughs M.S., CCC - Speech Language Pathologist
If You Suspect Your Child Might Be Dyslexic

What is dyslexia?

Dyslexia is a reading and language disorder. Individuals with dyslexia have difficulty with reading, spelling, writing and oftentimes, oral language skills even though they have normal intellectual ability and appropriate educational opportunities.

In 2003, the International Dyslexia Association (IDA) and the NICHD offered this definition to reflect the scientific research that has advanced our understanding of dyslexia:

Dyslexia is a specific leaning disability that is neurobiological in origin. It is characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities. These difficulties typically result from a deficit in the phonological component of language that is often unexpected in relation to other cognitive abilities and the provision of effective classroom instruction. Secondary consequences may include problems in reading comprehension and reduced reading experience that can impede growth of vocabulary and background knowledge. (Lyon, Shaywitz, & Shaywitz, 2003).

What are some early signs that my child might be at risk for dyslexia?

Most risk factors can be detected in kindergarten and first grade. Signs include trouble associating sounds with letters, and trouble with phonological awareness and oral language development.

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